Interactive Features

Destinations

A destination defines a particular view of a document, consisting of the following items:

  • The page of the document to be displayed.

  • The location of the document window on that page.

  • The magnification (zoom) factor to use when displaying the page.

Destinations may be associated with outline items (Document Outline (bookmarks)), annotations (Annotations), or actions (Actions). In each case, the destination specifies the view of the document to be presented when the outline item or annotation is opened or the action is performed. In addition, the optional document open action can be specified.

Supported Destination Types

The following types are supported by Zend_Pdf component.

Zend_Pdf_Destination_Zoom

Display the specified page, with the coordinates (left, top) positioned at the upper-left corner of the window and the contents of the page magnified by the factor zoom.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_Zoom::create($page, $left = null, $top = null, $zoom = null) method.

Where:

  • $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

  • $left is a left edge of the displayed page (float).

  • $top is a top edge of the displayed page (float).

  • $zoom is a zoom factor (float).

NULL, specified for $left, $top or $zoom parameter means "current viewer application value".

Zend_Pdf_Destination_Zoom class also provides the following methods:

  • Float getLeftEdge();

  • setLeftEdge(float $left);

  • Float getTopEdge();

  • setTopEdge(float $top);

  • Float getZoomFactor();

  • setZoomFactor(float $zoom);

Zend_Pdf_Destination_Fit

Display the specified page, with the coordinates (left, top) positioned at the upper-left corner of the window and the contents of the page magnified by the factor zoom. Display the specified page, with its contents magnified just enough to fit the entire page within the window both horizontally and vertically. If the required horizontal and vertical magnification factors are different, use the smaller of the two, centering the page within the window in the other dimension.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_Fit::create($page) method.

Where $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitHorizontally

Display the specified page, with the vertical coordinate top positioned at the top edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire width of the page within the window.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitHorizontally::create($page, $top) method.

Where:

  • $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

  • $top is a top edge of the displayed page (float).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitHorizontally class also provides the following methods:

  • Float getTopEdge();

  • setTopEdge(float $top);

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitVertically

Display the specified page, with the horizontal coordinate left positioned at the left edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire height of the page within the window.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitVertically::create($page, $left) method.

Where:

  • $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

  • $left is a left edge of the displayed page (float).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitVertically class also provides the following methods:

  • Float getLeftEdge();

  • setLeftEdge(float $left);

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitRectangle

Display the specified page, with its contents magnified just enough to fit the rectangle specified by the coordinates left, bottom, right, and top entirely within the window both horizontally and vertically. If the required horizontal and vertical magnification factors are different, use the smaller of the two, centering the rectangle within the window in the other dimension.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitRectangle::create($page, $left, $bottom, $right, $top) method.

Where:

  • $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

  • $left is a left edge of the displayed page (float).

  • $bottom is a bottom edge of the displayed page (float).

  • $right is a right edge of the displayed page (float).

  • $top is a top edge of the displayed page (float).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitRectangle class also provides the following methods:

  • Float getLeftEdge();

  • setLeftEdge(float $left);

  • Float getBottomEdge();

  • setBottomEdge(float $bottom);

  • Float getRightEdge();

  • setRightEdge(float $right);

  • Float getTopEdge();

  • setTopEdge(float $top);

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBox

Display the specified page, with its contents magnified just enough to fit its bounding box entirely within the window both horizontally and vertically. If the required horizontal and vertical magnification factors are different, use the smaller of the two, centering the bounding box within the window in the other dimension.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBox::create($page, $left, $bottom, $right, $top) method.

Where $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBoxHorizontally

Display the specified page, with the vertical coordinate top positioned at the top edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire width of its bounding box within the window.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBoxHorizontally::create($page, $top) method.

Where

  • $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

  • $top is a top edge of the displayed page (float).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBoxHorizontally class also provides the following methods:

  • Float getTopEdge();

  • setTopEdge(float $top);

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBoxVertically

Display the specified page, with the horizontal coordinate left positioned at the left edge of the window and the contents of the page magnified just enough to fit the entire height of its bounding box within the window.

Destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBoxVertically::create($page, $left) method.

Where

  • $page is a destination page (a Zend_Pdf_Page object or a page number).

  • $left is a left edge of the displayed page (float).

Zend_Pdf_Destination_FitBoundingBoxVertically class also provides the following methods:

  • Float getLeftEdge();

  • setLeftEdge(float $left);

Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named

All destinations listed above are "Explicit Destinations".

In addition to this, PDF document may contain a dictionary of such destinations which may be used to reference from outside the PDF (e.g. 'http://www.mycompany.com/document.pdf#chapter3').

Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named objects allow to refer destinations from the document named destinations dictionary.

Named destination object may be created using Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named::create(string $name) method.

Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named class provides the only one additional method:

String getName();

Document level destination processing

Zend_Pdf class provides a set of destinations processing methods.

Each destination object (including named destinations) can be resolved using the resolveDestination($destination) method. It returns corresponding Zend_Pdf_Page object, if destination target is found, or NULL otherwise.

Zend_Pdf::resolveDestination() method also takes an optional boolean parameter $refreshPageCollectionHashes, which is TRUE by default. It forces Zend_Pdf object to refresh internal page collection hashes since document pages list may be updated by user using Zend_Pdf::$pages property (Working with Pages). It may be turned off for performance reasons, if it's known that document pages list wasn't changed since last method request.

Complete list of named destinations can be retrieved using Zend_Pdf::getNamedDestinations() method. It returns an array of Zend_Pdf_Target objects, which are actually either an explicit destination or a GoTo action (Actions).

Zend_Pdf::getNamedDestination(string $name) method returns specified named destination (an explicit destination or a GoTo action).

PDF document named destinations dictionary may be updated with Zend_Pdf::setNamedDestination(string $name, $destination) method, where $destination is either an explicit destination (any destination except Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named) or a GoTo action.

If NULL is specified in place of $destination, then specified named destination is removed.

Note: Unresolvable named destinations are automatically removed from a document while document saving.

Example #1 Destinations usage example

  1. $pdf = new Zend_Pdf();
  2. $page1 = $pdf->newPage(Zend_Pdf_Page::SIZE_A4);
  3. $page2 = $pdf->newPage(Zend_Pdf_Page::SIZE_A4);
  4. $page3 = $pdf->newPage(Zend_Pdf_Page::SIZE_A4);
  5. // Page created, but not included into pages list
  6.  
  7. $pdf->pages[] = $page1;
  8. $pdf->pages[] = $page2;
  9.  
  10. $destination1 = Zend_Pdf_Destination_Fit::create($page2);
  11. $destination2 = Zend_Pdf_Destination_Fit::create($page3);
  12.  
  13. // Returns $page2 object
  14. $page = $pdf->resolveDestination($destination1);
  15.  
  16. // Returns null, page 3 is not included into document yet
  17. $page = $pdf->resolveDestination($destination2);
  18.  
  19. $pdf->setNamedDestination('Page2', $destination1);
  20. $pdf->setNamedDestination('Page3', $destination2);
  21.  
  22. // Returns $destination2
  23. $destination = $pdf->getNamedDestination('Page3');
  24.  
  25. // Returns $destination1
  26. $pdf->resolveDestination(Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named::create('Page2'));
  27.  
  28. // Returns null, page 3 is not included into document yet
  29. $pdf->resolveDestination(Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named::create('Page3'));

Actions

Instead of simply jumping to a destination in the document, an annotation or outline item can specify an action for the viewer application to perform, such as launching an application, playing a sound, or changing an annotation's appearance state.

Supported action types

The following action types are recognized while loading PDF document:

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo - go to a destination in the current document.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_GoToR - go to a destination in another document.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_GoToE - go to a destination in an embedded file.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Launch - launch an application or open or print a document.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Thread - begin reading an article thread.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_URI - resolve a URI.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Sound - play a sound.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Movie - play a movie.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Hide - hides or shows one or more annotations on the screen.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Named - execute an action predefined by the viewer application:

    • NextPage - Go to the next page of the document.

    • PrevPage - Go to the previous page of the document.

    • FirstPage - Go to the first page of the document.

    • LastPage - Go to the last page of the document.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_SubmitForm - send data to a uniform resource locator.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_ResetForm - set fields to their default values.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_ImportData - import field values from a file.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_JavaScript - execute a JavaScript script.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_SetOCGState - set the state of one or more optional content groups.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Rendition - control the playing of multimedia content (begin, stop, pause, or resume a playing rendition).

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_Trans - update the display of a document, using a transition dictionary.

  • Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo3DView - set the current view of a 3D annotation.

Only Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo and Zend_Pdf_Action_URI actions can be created by user now.

GoTo action object can be created using Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo::create($destination) method, where $destination is a Zend_Pdf_Destination object or a string which can be used to identify named destination.

Zend_Pdf_Action_URI::create($uri[, $isMap]) method has to be used to create a URI action (see API documentation for the details). Optional $isMap parameter is set to FALSE by default.

It also supports the following methods:

Actions chaining

Actions objects can be chained using Zend_Pdf_Action::$next public property.

It's an array of Zend_Pdf_Action objects, which also may have their sub-actions.

Zend_Pdf_Action class supports RecursiveIterator interface, so child actions may be iterated recursively:

  1. $pdf = new Zend_Pdf();
  2. $page1 = $pdf->newPage(Zend_Pdf_Page::SIZE_A4);
  3. $page2 = $pdf->newPage(Zend_Pdf_Page::SIZE_A4);
  4. // Page created, but not included into pages list
  5. $page3 = $pdf->newPage(Zend_Pdf_Page::SIZE_A4);
  6.  
  7. $pdf->pages[] = $page1;
  8. $pdf->pages[] = $page2;
  9.  
  10. $action1 = Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo::create(
  11.                             Zend_Pdf_Destination_Fit::create($page2));
  12. $action2 = Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo::create(
  13.                             Zend_Pdf_Destination_Fit::create($page3));
  14. $action3 = Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo::create(
  15.                             Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named::create('Chapter1'));
  16. $action4 = Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo::create(
  17.                             Zend_Pdf_Destination_Named::create('Chapter5'));
  18.  
  19. $action2->next[] = $action3;
  20. $action2->next[] = $action4;
  21.  
  22. $action1->next[] = $action2;
  23.  
  24. $actionsCount = 1; // Note! Iteration doesn't include top level action and
  25.                    // walks through children only
  26. $iterator = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
  27.                                         $action1,
  28.                                         RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST);
  29. foreach ($iterator as $chainedAction) {
  30.     $actionsCount++;
  31. }
  32.  
  33. // Prints 'Actions in a tree: 4'
  34. printf("Actions in a tree: %d\n", $actionsCount++);

Document Open Action

Special open action may be specify a destination to be displayed or an action to be performed when the document is opened.

Zend_Pdf_Target Zend_Pdf::getOpenAction() method returns current document open action (or NULL if open action is not set).

setOpenAction(Zend_Pdf_Target $openAction = null) method sets document open action or clean it if $openAction is NULL.

Document Outline (bookmarks)

A PDF document may optionally display a document outline on the screen, allowing the user to navigate interactively from one part of the document to another. The outline consists of a tree-structured hierarchy of outline items (sometimes called bookmarks), which serve as a visual table of contents to display the document's structure to the user. The user can interactively open and close individual items by clicking them with the mouse. When an item is open, its immediate children in the hierarchy become visible on the screen; each child may in turn be open or closed, selectively revealing or hiding further parts of the hierarchy. When an item is closed, all of its descendants in the hierarchy are hidden. Clicking the text of any visible item activates the item, causing the viewer application to jump to a destination or trigger an action associated with the item.

Zend_Pdf class provides public property $outlines which is an array of Zend_Pdf_Outline objects.

  1. $pdf = Zend_Pdf::load($path);
  2.  
  3. // Remove outline item
  4. unset($pdf->outlines[0]->childOutlines[1]);
  5.  
  6. // Set Outline to be displayed in bold
  7. $pdf->outlines[0]->childOutlines[3]->setIsBold(true);
  8.  
  9. // Add outline entry
  10. $pdf->outlines[0]->childOutlines[5]->childOutlines[] =
  11.     Zend_Pdf_Outline::create('Chapter 2', 'chapter_2');
  12.  
  13. $pdf->save($path, true);

Outline attributes may be retrieved or set using the following methods:

  • string getTitle() - get outline item title.

  • setTitle(string $title) - set outline item title.

  • boolean isOpen() - TRUE if outline is open by default.

  • setIsOpen(boolean $isOpen) - set isOpen state.

  • boolean isItalic() - TRUE if outline item is displayed in italic.

  • setIsItalic(boolean $isItalic) - set isItalic state.

  • boolean isBold() - TRUE if outline item is displayed in bold.

  • setIsBold(boolean $isBold) - set isBold state.

  • Zend_Pdf_Color_Rgb getColor() - get outline text color (NULL means black).

  • setColor(Zend_Pdf_Color_Rgb $color) - set outline text color (NULL means black).

  • Zend_Pdf_Target getTarget() - get outline target (action or explicit or named destination object).

  • setTarget(Zend_Pdf_Target|string $target) - set outline target (action or destination). String may be used to identify named destination. NULL means 'no target'.

  • array getOptions() - get outline attributes as an array.

  • setOptions(array $options) - set outline options. The following options are recognized: 'title', 'open', 'color', 'italic', 'bold', and 'target'.

New outline may be created in two ways:

  • Zend_Pdf_Outline::create(string $title[, Zend_Pdf_Target|string $target])

  • Zend_Pdf_Outline::create(array $options)

Each outline object may have child outline items listed in Zend_Pdf_Outline::$childOutlines public property. It's an array of Zend_Pdf_Outline objects, so outlines are organized in a tree.

Zend_Pdf_Outline class implements RecursiveArray interface, so child outlines may be recursively iterated using RecursiveIteratorIterator:

  1. $pdf = Zend_Pdf::load($path);
  2.  
  3. foreach ($pdf->outlines as $documentRootOutlineEntry) {
  4.     $iterator = new RecursiveIteratorIterator(
  5.                     $documentRootOutlineEntry,
  6.                     RecursiveIteratorIterator::SELF_FIRST
  7.                 );
  8.     foreach ($iterator as $childOutlineItem) {
  9.         $OutlineItemTarget = $childOutlineItem->getTarget();
  10.         if ($OutlineItemTarget instanceof Zend_Pdf_Destination) {
  11.             if ($pdf->resolveDestination($OutlineItemTarget) === null) {
  12.                 // Mark Outline item with unresolvable destination
  13.                 // using RED color
  14.                 $childOutlineItem->setColor(new Zend_Pdf_Color_Rgb(1, 0, 0));
  15.             }
  16.         } else if ($OutlineItemTarget instanceof Zend_Pdf_Action_GoTo) {
  17.             $OutlineItemTarget->setDestination();
  18.             if ($pdf->resolveDestination($OutlineItemTarget) === null) {
  19.                 // Mark Outline item with unresolvable destination
  20.                 // using RED color
  21.                 $childOutlineItem->setColor(new Zend_Pdf_Color_Rgb(1, 0, 0));
  22.             }
  23.         }
  24.     }
  25. }
  26.  
  27. $pdf->save($path, true);

Note: All outline items with unresolved destinations (or destinations of GoTo actions) are updated while document saving by setting their targets to NULL. So document will not be corrupted by removing pages referenced by outlines.

Annotations

An annotation associates an object such as a note, sound, or movie with a location on a page of a PDF document, or provides a way to interact with the user by means of the mouse and keyboard.

All annotations are represented by Zend_Pdf_Annotation abstract class.

Annotation may be attached to a page using Zend_Pdf_Page::attachAnnotation(Zend_Pdf_Annotation $annotation) method.

Three types of annotations may be created by user now:

  • Zend_Pdf_Annotation_Link::create($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $target) where $target is an action object or a destination or string (which may be used in place of named destination object).

  • Zend_Pdf_Annotation_Text::create($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $text)

  • Zend_Pdf_Annotation_FileAttachment::create($x1, $y1, $x2, $y2, $fileSpecification)

A link annotation represents either a hypertext link to a destination elsewhere in the document or an action to be performed.

A text annotation represents a "sticky note" attached to a point in the PDF document.

A file attachment annotation contains a reference to a file.

The following methods are shared between all annotation types:

  • setLeft(float $left)

  • float getLeft()

  • setRight(float $right)

  • float getRight()

  • setTop(float $top)

  • float getTop()

  • setBottom(float $bottom)

  • float getBottom()

  • setText(string $text)

  • string getText()

Text annotation property is a text to be displayed for the annotation or, if this type of annotation does not display text, an alternate description of the annotation's contents in human-readable form.

Link annotation objects also provide two additional methods:

  • setDestination(Zend_Pdf_Target|string $target)

  • Zend_Pdf_Target getDestination()

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