Zend\Console

Console adapters

Zend Framework 2 provides console abstraction layer, which works around various bugs and limitations in operating systems. It handles displaying of colored text, retrieving console window size, charset and provides basic line drawing capabilities.

See also

Console Adapters can be used for a low-level access to the console. If you plan on building functional console applications you do not normally need to use adapters. Make sure to read about console MVC integration first, because it provides a convenient way for running modular console applications without directly writing to or reading from console window.

Retreving console adapter

If you are using MVC controllers you can obtain Console adapter instance using Service Manager.

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namespace Application;
use Zend\Console\Adapter\AdapterInterface as Console;

class Module
{
    public function testAction()
    {
        $console = $this->getServiceManager()->get('console');
        if (!$console instanceof Console) {
            throw new RuntimeException('Cannot obtain console adapter. Are we running in a console?');
        }
    }
}

If you are using Zend\Console without MVC, we can get adapter using the following code:

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use Zend\Console\Console;
use Zend\Console\Exception\RuntimeException as ConsoleException;

try {
    $console = Console::getInstance();
} catch (ConsoleException $e){
    // Could not get console adapter - most likely we are not running inside a console window.
}

Note

For practical and security reasons, Console::getInstance() will always throw an exception if you attempt to get console instance in a non-console environment (i.e. when running on a HTTP server). You can override this behavior by manually instantiating one of Zend\Console\Adapter\* classes.

Using console adapter

Window size and title

$console->getWidth()
(int) Get real console window width in characters.
$console->getHeight()
(int) Get real console window height in characters.
$console->getSize()
(array) Get an array( $width, $height) with current console window dimensions.
$console->getTitle()
(string) Get console window title.

Note

For UTF-8 enabled consoles (terminals) dimensions represent the number of multibyte characters (real characters).

Note

On consoles with virtual buffers (i.e. MS Windows Command Prompt) width and height represent visible (real) size, without scrolling the window. For example - if the window scrolling width is 120 chars, but it’s real, visible width is 80 chars, getWidth() will return 80.

Character set

$console->isUtf8()
(boolean) Is the console UTF-8 compatible (can display unicode strings) ?
$console->getCharset()
(Zend\Console\Charset\CharsetInterface) This method will return one of Console\Charset\* classes that represent the readable charset that can be used for line-drawing. It is automatically detected by the adapter.

Writing to console

$console->write( string $text, $color = null, $bgColor = null )
Write a $text to the console, optionally using foreground $color and background $bgColor. Color value is one of the constants in Zend\Console\ColorInteface.
$console->writeLine( string $text, $color = null, $bgColor = null )
Write a single line of $text to the console. This method will output a newline character at the end of text moving console cursor to next line.
$console->writeAt( string $text, int $x, int $y, $color = null, $bgColor = null )
Write $text at the specified $x and $y coordinates of console window. Top left corner of the screen has coordinates of $x = 1; $x = 1. To retrieve far-right and bottom coordinates, use getWidth() and getHeight() methods.

Reading from console

$console->readChar( string $mask = null )
(string) Read a single character from console. Optional (string) $mask can be provided to force entering only a selected set of characters. For example, to read a single digit, we can use the following syntax: $digit = $console->readChar('0123456789');
$console->readLine( int $maxLength = 2048 )
(string) Read a single line of input from console. Optional (int) $maxLength can be used to limit the length of data that will be read. The line will be returned without ending newline character.

Miscellaneous

$console->hideCursor()
Hide blinking cursor from console.
$console->showCursor()
Show blinking cursor in console.
$console->clear()
Clear the screen.
$console->clearLine()
Clear the line that the cursor currently sits at.
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