Zend\Mail

Zend\Mail\Transport

Overview

Transports take care of the actual delivery of mail. Typically, you only need to worry about two possibilities: using PHP’s native mail() functionality, which uses system resources to deliver mail, or using the SMTP protocol for delivering mail via a remote server. Zend Framework also includes a “File” transport, which creates a mail file for each message sent; these can later be introspected as logs or consumed for the purposes of sending via an alternate transport mechanism later.

The Zend\Mail\Transport interface defines exactly one method, send(). This method accepts a Zend\Mail\Message instance, which it then introspects and serializes in order to send.

Quick Start

Using a mail transport is typically as simple as instantiating it, optionally configuring it, and then passing a message to it.

Sendmail Transport Usage

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use Zend\Mail\Message;
use Zend\Mail\Transport\Sendmail as SendmailTransport;

$message = new Message();
$message->addTo('matthew@zend.com')
        ->addFrom('ralph.schindler@zend.com')
        ->setSubject('Greetings and Salutations!')
        ->setBody("Sorry, I'm going to be late today!");

$transport = new SendmailTransport();
$transport->send($message);

SMTP Transport Usage

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use Zend\Mail\Message;
use Zend\Mail\Transport\Smtp as SmtpTransport;
use Zend\Mail\Transport\SmtpOptions;

$message = new Message();
$message->addTo('matthew@zend.com')
        ->addFrom('ralph.schindler@zend.com')
        ->setSubject('Greetings and Salutations!')
        ->setBody("Sorry, I'm going to be late today!");

// Setup SMTP transport using LOGIN authentication
$transport = new SmtpTransport();
$options   = new SmtpOptions(array(
    'name'              => 'localhost.localdomain',
    'host'              => '127.0.0.1',
    'connection_class'  => 'login',
    'connection_config' => array(
        'username' => 'user',
        'password' => 'pass',
    ),
));
$transport->setOptions($options);
$transport->send($message);

File Transport Usage

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use Zend\Mail\Message;
use Zend\Mail\Transport\File as FileTransport;
use Zend\Mail\Transport\FileOptions;

$message = new Message();
$message->addTo('matthew@zend.com')
        ->addFrom('ralph.schindler@zend.com')
        ->setSubject('Greetings and Salutations!')
        ->setBody("Sorry, I'm going to be late today!");

// Setup SMTP transport using LOGIN authentication
$transport = new FileTransport();
$options   = new FileOptions(array(
    'path'              => 'data/mail/',
    'callback'  => function (FileTransport $transport) {
        return 'Message_' . microtime(true) . '_' . mt_rand() . '.txt';
    },
));
$transport->setOptions($options);
$transport->send($message);

Configuration Options

Configuration options are per transport. Please follow the links below for transport-specific options.

Available Methods

send

send(Zend\Mail\Message $message)

Send a mail message.

Returns void

Examples

Please see the Quick Start section for examples.

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