Zend\Stdlib

AggregateHydrator

Zend\Stdlib\Hydrator\Aggregate\AggregateHydrator is an implementation of Zend\Stdlib\Hydrator\HydratorInterface that composes multiple hydrators via event listeners.

You typically want to use an aggregate hydrator when you want to hydrate or extract data from complex objects that implement multiple interfaces, and therefore need multiple hydrators to handle that in subsequent steps.

Installation requirements

The AggregateHydrator is based on the Zend\EventManager component, so be sure to have it installed before getting started:

php composer.phar require zendframework/zend-eventmanager:2.*

Basic usage

A simple use case may be hydrating a BlogPost object, which contains data for the user that created it, the time it was created, the current publishing status, etc:

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use Zend\Stdlib\Hydrator\Aggregate\AggregateHydrator;

$hydrator = new AggregateHydrator();

// attach the various hydrators capable of handling simpler interfaces
$hydrator->add(new My\BlogPostHydrator());
$hydrator->add(new My\UserAwareObjectHydrator());
$hydrator->add(new My\TimestampedObjectHydrator());
$hydrator->add(new My\PublishableObjectHydrator());
// ...

// Now retrieve the BlogPost object
// ...

// you can now extract complex data from a blogpost
$data = $hydrator->extract($blogPost);

// or you can fill the object with complex data
$blogPost = $hydrator->hydrate($data, $blogPost);

Note

Hydrator priorities

AggregateHydrator::add has a second optional argument $priority. If you have two or more hydrators that conflict with each other for same data keys, you may decide which one has to be executed first or last by passing a higher or lower integer priority to the second argument of AggregateHydrator::add

In order to work with this logic, each of the hydrators that are attached should just ignore any unknown object type passed in, such as in following example:

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namespace My;

use Zend\Stdlib\Hydrator\HydratorInterface

class BlogPostHydrator implements HydratorInterface
{
    public function hydrate($data, $object)
    {
        if (!$object instanceof BlogPost) {
            return $object;
        }

        // ... continue hydration ...
    }

    public function extract($object)
    {
        if (!$object instanceof BlogPost) {
            return array();
        }

        // ... continue extraction ...
    }
}

Advanced use cases

Since the AggregateHydrator is event-driven, you can use the EventManager API to tweak its behaviour.

Common use cases are:

  • Removal of hydrated data keys (passwords/confidential information) depending on business rules
  • Caching of the hydration/extraction process
  • Transformations on extracted data, for compatibility with third-party APIs

In the following example, a cache listener will be introduced to speed up hydration, which can be very useful when the same data is requested multiple times:

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use Zend\Stdlib\Hydrator\Aggregate\AggregateHydrator;
use Zend\Stdlib\Hydrator\Aggregate\ExtractEvent;
use Zend\Cache\Storage\Adapter\Memory;

$hydrator = new AggregateHydrator();

// attach the various hydrators
$hydrator->add(new My\BlogPostHydrator());
$hydrator->add(new My\UserAwareObjectHydrator());
$hydrator->add(new My\TimestampedObjectHydrator());
$hydrator->add(new My\PublishableObjectHydrator());
// ...

$cache             = new Memory();
$cacheReadListener = function (ExtractEvent $event) use ($cache) {
    $object = $event->getExtractionObject();

    if (!$object instanceof BlogPost) {
        return;
    }

    if ($cache->hasItem($object->getId())) {
        $event->setExtractedData($cache->getItem($object->getId()));
        $event->stopPropagation();
    }
};
$cacheWriteListener = function (ExtractEvent $event) use ($cache) {
    $object = $event->getExtractionObject();

    if (!$object instanceof BlogPost) {
        return;
    }

    $cache->setItem($object->getId(), $event->getExtractedData());
};

// attaching a high priority listener executed before extraction logic
$hydrator->getEventManager()->attach(ExtractEvent::EVENT_EXTRACT, $cacheReadListener, 1000);
// attaching a low priority listener executed after extraction logic
$hydrator->getEventManager()->attach(ExtractEvent::EVENT_EXTRACT, $cacheWriteListener, -1000);

With an aggregate hydrator configured in this way, any $hydrator->extract($blogPost) operation will be cached

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