Learning Zend Framework 2

Setting up a database adapter

Introduction

In most cases, e.g. in your controllers, your database adapter can be fetched directly from the service manager. Some classes however, like Zend\Validator\DbRecordExists isn’t aware of the service manager, but still needs an adapter to function.

There are many different ways to provide this functionality to your application. Below are a few examples.

Basic setup

Normally you will setup your database adapter using a factory in the service manager in your configuration. It might look something like this:

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// config/autoload/global.php

return array(
   'db' => array(
      'driver'         => 'Pdo',
      'dsn'            => 'mysql:dbname=zf2tutorial;host=localhost',
   ),
   'service_manager' => array(
      'factories' => array(
         'Zend\Db\Adapter\Adapter' => 'Zend\Db\Adapter\AdapterServiceFactory',
      ),
   ),
);

The adapter can then be accessed in any ServiceLocatorAware classes.

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public function getAdapter()
{
   if (!$this->adapter) {
      $sm = $this->getServiceLocator();
      $this->adapter = $sm->get('Zend\Db\Adapter\Adapter');
   }
   return $this->adapter;
}

More information on adapter options can be found in the docs for Zend\Db\Adapter.

Setting a static adapter

In order to utilize this adapter in non-ServiceLocatorAware classes, you can use Zend\Db\TableGateway\Feature\GlobalAdapterFeature::setStaticAdapter() to set a static adapter:

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// config/autoload/global.php

return array(
   'db' => array(
      'driver'         => 'Pdo',
      'dsn'            => 'mysql:dbname=zf2tutorial;host=localhost',
   ),
   'service_manager' => array(
      'factories' => array(
         'Zend\Db\Adapter\Adapter' => function ($serviceManager) {
            $adapterFactory = new Zend\Db\Adapter\AdapterServiceFactory();
               $adapter = $adapterFactory->createService($serviceManager);

               \Zend\Db\TableGateway\Feature\GlobalAdapterFeature::setStaticAdapter($adapter);

               return $adapter;
         }
      ),
   ),
);

The adapter can then later be fetched using Zend\Db\TableGateway\Feature\GlobalAdapterFeature::getStaticAdapter() for use in e.g. Zend\Validator\DbRecordExists:

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$validator = new Zend\Validator\Db\RecordExists(
   array(
      'table'   => 'users',
      'field'   => 'emailaddress',
      'adapter' => \Zend\Db\TableGateway\Feature\GlobalAdapterFeature::getStaticAdapter()
   )
);
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