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Zend Framework: Zend\Cache Component Proposal

Proposed Component Name Zend\Cache
Developer Notes\Cache
Proposers Marc Bennewitz
Zend Liaison TBD
Revision 1.0 - 7 March 2010: Initial Draft.
2.0 - 17 Jun 2010: finish proposal (wiki revision: 31)

Table of Contents

1. Overview

The current Zend_Cache component is very inflexible with it's Frontend/Backend structure. For example it's not possible to merge different frontends together (e.g. MasterFile and Page cache). Furthermore, few advantages of some cache storage systems are not derived by Zend_Cache. E.g. some storage systems can handle different data-types but Zend_Cache only permit strings.

Code available
Current working implementation is hosted on a branch of my Github account: Zend\Cache.
Backwards compatibility
Because the old Zend_Cache object has a complete different structure, keeping backwards compatibility is impossible.

The most of the open issues are related to this structure and should be solved with ZF 2.0 by this proposal.

2. References

3. Component Requirements, Constraints, and Acceptance Criteria

  • This component will break bc 100% !!!!!
  • This components will read & write data from cache storage engines using only one adapter interface.
  • Adapters will not implement special functionalities directly to the storage engines (like serialization) to keep performance
    but implements a plugin structure to dynamically add/configure/re-order such functionalities.
  • Plugins will not store any data directly to a storage engine - a real storage adapter have to be used.
  • This component will add some special cache patterns using a different API (like PageCache, CaptureCache).

4. Dependencies on Other Framework Components


  • Zend\Loader\PluginLoader
  • Zend\Exception


  • Storage\Plugin\Serialize


  • Storage\Plugin\Filter
  • Storage\Plugin\KeyFilter

5. Theory of Operation

Storage Adapter:
The storage adapters are classes of wrappers of the existing storage engines usable for caching (Memcached, Database, Filesystem ...).
They all implement an interface to get a consistent API but only reflect supported facilities of the used storage engine.

Storage Plugins:
Precisely because the storage adapters supports different facilities you can add facilities belated with the storage plugins.
(e.g. tag support, automatic serialize). The storage plugins have the same API as the storage adapters and therefor implement
an interface extending the adapters interface. Where ever a storage adapter is required you can set an instance of a storage plugin and you can merge all storage plugins as you like. The storage plugins self don't store any data - they need a real storage adapter as storage engine.

A special storage plugin is the base storage class (Zend\Cache\Storage). It implements additional methods for simpler handling lists of
plugins within it's own instance.

Special Cache Patterns:
Some special cache patterns shouldn't use the standard cache API. They are: Output, Page, Function, Callback, Function, Class and Capture.
These caches only implement a very simple pattern interface which only defines how options have to be set.

In case of the capture pattern it no longer needs the "Static" storage adapter (or old named backend) because the storage is very specific and only usable with the capture pattern and vise versa. Therefore the capture pattern will implement reading/writing files within it's self.

6. Milestones / Tasks

  • Milestone 1: [DONE] Finish proposal
  • Milestone 2: [DONE] Working prototype
  • Milestone 3: Unit tests exist finished and component is working
  • Milestone 4: Initial documentation exists
  • Milestone 5: Changed related components
  • Milestone 6: Moved to core.

7. Class Index

Storage Adapter:

  • namespace Zend\Cache\Storage\Adapter
  • interface \Zend\Cache\Storage\Adapter
  • abstract AbstractAdapter implements Storage\Adapter
  • class Memory extends AbstractAdapter
  • class Memcached extends AbstractAdapter
  • class Apc extends AbstractAdapter
  • class WinCache extends AbstractAdapter
  • class Xcache extends AbstractAdapter
  • class ZendPlatform extends AbstractAdapter
  • class Database extends AbstractAdapter
  • class Filesystem extends AbstractAdapter
  • abstract AbstractZendServer extends AbstractAdapter
  • class ZendServerShm extends AbstractZendServer
  • class ZendServerDisk extends AbstractZendServer

Storage Plugins:

  • namespace Zend\Cache\Storage\Plugin
  • interface \Zend\Cache\Storgae\Plugin extends \Zend\Cache\Storgae\Adapter
  • abstract AbstractPlugin implements \Zend\Cache\Storgae\Plugin
  • class ClearByFactor extends AbstractPlugin
  • class ExceptionHandler extends AbstractPlugin (Callback on exception + logging)
  • class Filter extends AbstractPlugin
  • class IgnoreUserAbort extends AbstractPlugin
  • class KeyFilter extends AbstractPlugin
  • class Levels extends AbstractPlugin
  • class MasterFile extends AbstractPlugin
  • class OptimizeByFactor extends AbstractPlugin
  • class Reluctant extends AbstractPlugin
  • class Serialize extends AbstractPlugin
  • class Prefix extends AbstractPlugin
  • class StoreTimes extends AbstractPlugin
  • class Tagging extends AbstractPlugin
  • class WriteControl extends AbstractPlugin
  • namespace \Zend\Cache
  • class Storage extends Storage\Plugin\AbstractPlugin
  • class StorageFactory

Special Cache Patterns:

  • namesapce Zend\Cache\Pattern
  • abstract AbstractPattern implements \Zend\Cache\Pattern
  • class CallbackCache extends AbstractPattern (Function and Callback calls)
  • class ClassCache extends AbstractPattern (only static method calls)
  • class ObjectCache extends AbstractPattern (only object method calls)
  • class OutputCache extends AbstractPattern
  • class PageCache extends AbstractPattern
  • class CaptureCache extends AbstractPattern
  • namespace \Zend\Cache
  • interface Pattern
  • class PatternFactory


  • namesapce Zend\Cache
  • class Manager


  • namesapce Zend\Cache\Exception
  • class RuntimeException extends \RuntimeException
  • class InvalidArgumentException extends \InvalidArgumentException
  • class UnexpectedValueException extends \UnexpectedValueException
  • class LoaderException extends \RuntimeException
  • class BadMethodCallException extends \BadMethodCallException
  • class ItemNotFoundException extends RuntimeException
  • class MissingExtensionException extends RuntimeException
  • class MissingKeyException extends RuntimeException

8. Use Cases

9. Class Skeletons

please look at


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