ZF-10725: ViewRenderer not normalizing action name before constructing view script name

Issue Type: Bug Created: 2010-11-22T03:10:11.000+0000 Last Updated: 2011-11-04T15:40:43.000+0000 Status: Resolved Fix version(s): - 1.11.9 (14/Jul/11)

Reporter: David Meakins (david.meakins) Assignee: Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) Tags: - Zend_Controller

Related issues: - ZF-10535

Attachments: - ZF-10725_fix_for_1.11.9.patch


Zend Framework uses a different action name than the view script when using some non-alphanumeric characters in a URL

For example, requesting: /somemodule/somecontroller/someaction- will (arguably) incorrectly use the someactionAction method and will then try and use the view script someaction-.phtml, not find it, and throw a Zend_View_Exception

Likewise with something like: /somemodule/somecontroller/someaction.$$$ Will also fail with a Zend_View_Exception with the message script 'someaction-.phtml' not found in path

This is due to the different ways that the action is resolved (remove all non-alpha characters) to the way the view script is resolved (replace all non-alpha characters with a '-')

I believe the problem lies within Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_ViewRenderer->getViewScript() when $action = $request->getActionName(); is called it should be getting the action name from the dispatcher rather than the request.


Posted by Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) on 2010-12-19T19:05:34.000+0000

I agree that ViewRenderer should retrieve the action name from the dispatcher rather than the request. However, this would mean view script naming convention would now match that of controller method names, a major bc break (existing sites would need to rename their view scripts). Perhaps this modification could/should be pushed up to 2.x for consideration, if it hasn't already been resolved there?

Posted by Matthew Weier O'Phinney (matthew) on 2010-12-20T05:36:41.000+0000

Agreed -- grabbing the action name from the dispatcher is a bad idea in ZF1, as the action name there is (a) camelCased, and (b) suffixed with the word "Action" -- either one of which would alter how view scripts are resolved and represent a BC break.

What I see here is, rather, a request for doing some normalization of action names to ensure they do not begin or end with non-alphanumerics. That could likely be supported in both ZF1 and ZF2, as clearly their inclusion is leading to buggy behavior.

Posted by Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) on 2010-12-20T08:48:02.000+0000

@Matthew, Good point. We can simply strip off the extraneous characters from within getViewScript:

<pre class="highlight">
// Remove non-alphanumeric characters from action name
// see ZF-10725
$vars['action'] = preg_replace(
    array('/[^a-z0-9]+$/', '/^[^a-z0-9]+/'),
    array('', ''),

My preg skills are a bit weak, so there is probably a tidier way of doing it, but that fixes the issue for me. I've attached a patch with this fix and a test case.

Not sure if this is any consequence, but doing this does have some potential to create SEO problems, as these URIs will all point to the same "page":

<pre class="literal">

But I digress, as I think that is more related to the dispatcher than to this particular bug.

Posted by Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) on 2011-06-24T16:10:19.000+0000

Fixed in trunk r24154

Posted by Matthew Weier O'Phinney (matthew) on 2011-07-05T16:12:22.000+0000

Patch applied to 1.11 release branch.

Posted by Brian Stebar II ( on 2011-07-06T21:41:56.000+0000

@Adam and @Matthew,

Unfortunately, this change causes requests to with actions containing capital letters to break. For example, requests to results in the following error:

script 'controller/ction.phtml' not found in path (/path/to/application/views/scripts/)

All leading capital letters in the action name are stripped with the current regexes.

Posted by Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) on 2011-07-09T12:38:46.000+0000

Crap crap crap. Forgot to make the regex case-insensitive. It's fixed and unit test updated.

Merged to trunk in r24216

Matthew, could you merge this change into release for me? It appears the fix in the release branch isn't the same as what was committed to trunk, and I don't feel comfortable enough with the merge process yet to do conflict resolution. Thanks!

Posted by Matthew Weier O'Phinney (matthew) on 2011-07-12T19:23:48.000+0000

Re-opened due to comments

Posted by Matthew Weier O'Phinney (matthew) on 2011-07-12T19:24:37.000+0000

Merged r24216 to 1.11 release branch.

Posted by Brian Stebar II ( on 2011-07-14T16:05:28.000+0000


The bug still remains. Take, for example, a request to /Controller/Action/. The patched code executes two regexes to scrub the action name:

<pre class="highlight">
$replacePattern = array('/[^a-z0-9]+$/i', '/^[^a-z0-9]+/i');
$vars['action'] = preg_replace($replacePattern, '', $vars['action']);

// Remove non-alphanumeric characters from action name
// see ZF-10725
$vars['action'] = preg_replace(
    array('/[^a-z0-9]+$/', '/^[^a-z0-9]+/'),
    array('', ''),

Before the first preg_replace() executes, the $var['action'] has the value 'Action'. After the first preg_replace(), $var['action'] still has the value 'Action' (though all non-alphanumeric characters would have been removed had there been any). When the second preg_replace() executes, $var['action'] is reassigned the value 'ction' (where capital 'A' has been stripped).

It seems as if the second preg_replace() statement is redundant in its current form.

Posted by Andreas de Pretis (adp) on 2011-07-15T19:51:51.000+0000

the second regexp is really bad because it's case sensitive, applications that use capitalized action names totally break down - still there in 1.11.9

Posted by Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) on 2011-07-21T13:34:22.000+0000

Oh dear. The patch was double-introduced. I initially committed a cleaned-up version of the patch in the file attached to this issue in r24154:

<pre class="highlight">
Index: library/Zend/Controller/Action/Helper/ViewRenderer.php
--- library/Zend/Controller/Action/Helper/ViewRenderer.php      (revision 24153)
+++ library/Zend/Controller/Action/Helper/ViewRenderer.php      (revision 24154)
@@ -626,6 +626,9 @@
         } elseif (null !== $action) {
             $vars['action'] = $action;
+        $replacePattern = array('/[^a-z0-9]+$/', '/^[^a-z0-9]+/');
+        $vars['action'] = preg_replace($replacePattern, '', $vars['action']);

         $inflector = $this->getInflector();
         if ($this->getNoController() || $this->getNeverController()) {

However Matthew committed the patch in the file attached to this issue on top of my commit, so we now have two blocks of code performing the same fix (as Brian shows in his comment above). When I fixed the BC break, I must not have pulled down Matthew's commit, as I only saw the first regex and so only fixed that one.

Commits r24199 & r24200 need to be backed out, as they contain an old version of the patch. I've tested this out from a freshly-checked-out trunk and it resolves the issue (./ ZF-10725 now passes)

@Matthew: Could you back out those commits for me?

Posted by Adam Lundrigan (adamlundrigan) on 2011-07-21T13:45:19.000+0000

Attached a patch which will remove the duplicate code applied in r24199/r24200 from ZF 1.11.9.

On *nix, you can run the following patch command from the root of your ZF 1.11.9 install:

<pre class="highlight">
patch -p0 -i /path/to/ZF-10725_fix_for_1.11.9.patch

Posted by Matthew Weier O'Phinney (matthew) on 2011-07-28T19:05:03.000+0000

New patch applied, as well as a test for the route "Controller/Action" resolving to view script "controller/action.phtml" case presented in the comments. Patch is in trunk and 1.11 release branch; please test.

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